# CalculateTPLikePropsFromSweep Algorithm¶

## Description¶

The CalculateTPLikePropsFromSweep() calculates square pulse properties from a given sweep. It retrieves the associated setting values for the sweep and returns the voltage difference, current difference and resistance for each head stage. The function only works for current clamp mode.

The function is split into several parts:

## Principle¶

The goal of the algorithm is to determine the steady state resistance of a square pulse response. The available sweep data contains the excitation pulse as well as the response pulse. The excitation pulse is in units of current and the response is measured in voltage. The actual data consists of discrete points of digital to analog output (excitation) and analog to digital input (response). For simplicity this will be neglected in the following.

The square pulse DA data is used to find the leading and trailing edge of the pulse. Therefore a level of 10% of the amplitude of the square pulse is defined to find the location of signal crossing.

$level = minimum + (maximum - minimum) * 0.1$

Using a edge finding algorithm the location of firstEdge and secondEdge is retrieved.

For determination of the base line level in front of the pulse a range is defined to average the points of the square pulse response. The full base line fraction in front of a square pulse starts after the onSetDelay and ends at firstEdge. The length of the range is defined as 10% of this distance. The reference point is the end of this range and it is set close to firstEdge.

$\begin{split}right &= firstEdge - const \\ left &= right - (firstEdge - onSetDelay) * 0.1\end{split}$

The base line level is then determined by averaging over the data points p between left and right.

$baselinelevel = \frac{1}{N} \sum^{right}_{n=left} p_n$

For determination of the elevated level at the end of the active pulse a range is defined to average the points of the square pulse response. The active pulse starts after firstEdge and ends with secondEdge. The length of the range is defined as 10% of this distance. The reference point is the end of this range and it is set close to secondEdge.

$\begin{split}right &= secondEdge - const \\ left &= right - (secondEdge - firstEdge) * 0.1\end{split}$

The elevated level is then determined by averaging over the data points p between left and right.

$elevatedlevel = \frac{1}{N} \sum^{right}_{n=left} p_n$

The difference between elevated level and base line level is the voltage response for the steady state.

$\Delta U = elevatedlevel - baselinelevel$

To get the steady state resistance the current from the excitation amplitude of the square pulse is required. It is retrieved the same way from the square pulse excitation data as the voltage response from the square pulse response data. The difference from the square pulse excitation data yields:

$\Delta I = elevatedlevel - baselinelevel$

The steady state resistance is then:

$R_{SS} = \frac{\Delta U}{\Delta I}$

## Retrieving settings¶

The sweep number is retrieved, that allows to get the setting for this sweep. Also the configuration wave for the sweep is retrieved, that is required to extract the actual ADC and DAC data from the sweep.

The totalOnsetDelay is independent of the head stage and the sum of the auto and user onset delay. The number of the ADC channel that are used per head stage is read to wave ADCs. The same is done for the number of the DAC channel to the wave DACs. The units per head stage are read from the saved settings to wave ADunit and wave DAunit. If a head stage was active is read to the wave wave statusHS.

sweepNo     = ExtractSweepNumber(NameofWave(sweep))
WAVE config = GetConfigWave(sweep)

totalOnsetDelay = GetLastSettingIndep(numericalValues, sweepNo, "Delay onset auto", DATA_ACQUISITION_MODE) + \
GetLastSettingIndep(numericalValues, sweepNo, "Delay onset user", DATA_ACQUISITION_MODE)

WAVE DACs = GetLastSetting(numericalValues, sweepNo, "DAC", DATA_ACQUISITION_MODE)

WAVE/T DAunit = GetLastSetting(textualValues, sweepNo, "DA Unit", DATA_ACQUISITION_MODE)

WAVE statusHS = GetLastSetting(numericalValues, sweepNo, "Headstage Active", DATA_ACQUISITION_MODE)


## Finding square pulse¶

The following is done for each head stage up to NUM_HEADSTAGES (default = 8):

If the head stage was not active, continue with next head stage.

if(!statusHS[i])
continue
endif


With the number of the DAC channel of this head stage the column in the sweep with the actual data read with AFH_GetDAQDataColumn() to DAcol. The same is done for the column with the AD data to ADcol. With the columns the actual data is read to wave DA and AD respectively with ExtractOneDimDataFromSweep(). The coordinate in points of totalOnsetDelay on the scale of DA is saved to onsetDelayPoint.

DAcol = AFH_GetDAQDataColumn(config, DACs[i], XOP_CHANNEL_TYPE_DAC)

WAVE DA = ExtractOneDimDataFromSweep(config, sweep, DACol)

onsetDelayPoint = (totalOnsetDelay - DimOffset(DA, ROWS)) / DimDelta(DA, ROWS)


The scaled x coordinates of the full square pulse range including base line are defined from totalOnsetDelay to the end of the DA wave and saved in first and last.

A signal level is defined for finding the edges in the sent square pulse (DA channel). The level is 10 % from the difference of maximum - minimum of the DA data above the minimum level. With FindLevels up to two signal crossings at the level are searched between first and last in wave DA and their x position in points is saved to wave levels. The search runs from lower to higher x coordinates. An assertion checks if two (or more) signal crossings were found.

first = totalOnsetDelay
last  = IndexToScale(DA, DimSize(DA, ROWS) - 1, ROWS)

low  = WaveMin(DA, first, last)
high = WaveMax(DA, first, last)

level = low + 0.1 * (high - low)

Make/FREE/D levels
FindLevels/Q/P/DEST=levels/R=(first, last)/N=2 DA, level
ASSERT(V_LevelsFound >= 2, "Could not find enough levels")


The first found location is saved to firstEdge and the second to secondEdge. By default DA contains a pulse so the linear interpolation between the points done by FindLevels results that firstEdge is found at last_baseline_point + 0.1 and secondEdge at last_pulse_point + 0.9. The values are truncated to integers to equal the last baseline point as well as the last pulse point.

firstEdge   = trunc(levels)
secondEdge  = trunc(levels)


## Extraction of levels¶

The following is done for each head stage:

For determination of the base line the range is defined as 10 % of the firstEdge location to totalOnsetDelay. The end point of the range is firstEdge - 1. The baseline level is then defined as the average of all AD points in this range.

high = firstEdge - 1
low  = high - (firstEdge - onsetDelayPoint) * 0.1



The elevated range (steady state) is defined by 10 % of the firstEdge location to secondEdge. The elevated level is then defined as the average of all AD points in this range.

high = secondEdge - 1
low  = high - (secondEdge - firstEdge) * 0.1



An assertion checks if the ADunit of this head stage is “mV” as this function only works for I-clamp mode.

ASSERT(!cmpstr(ADunit[i], "mV"), "Unexpected AD Unit")


The voltage difference of elevated - baseline from this head stages AD wave is stored in wave deltaV and scaled by 0.001 to convert to Volts.

deltaV[i] = (elevated - baseline) * 1e-3


The baseline level and the elevated level of the DA wave are determined with the identical calculation as for the AD wave described above.

high = firstEdge - 1
low  = high - (firstEdge - onsetDelayPoint) * 0.1

baseline = mean(DA, IndexToScale(DA, low, ROWS), IndexToScale(DA, high, ROWS))

high = secondEdge - 1
low  = high - (secondEdge - firstEdge) * 0.1

elevated = mean(DA, IndexToScale(DA, low, ROWS), IndexToScale(DA, high, ROWS))


An assertion checks if the DAunit of this head stage is “pA” as this function only works for I-clamp mode.

ASSERT(!cmpstr(DAunit[i], "pA"), "Unexpected DA Unit")


The current difference of elevated - baseline from this head stages DA wave is stored in wave deltaI and scaled by 1E-12 to convert to Ampere.

deltaI[i] = (elevated - baseline) * 1e-12


## Calculation¶

The following is done for each head stage:

The resistance for the current head stage is calculated by the formula R = U / I from deltaV / deltaI.

resistance[i] = deltaV[i] / deltaI[i]


Then the loop continues to the next head stage of this sweep with Finding square pulse